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The first-level digital divide shifts from inequalities in physical access to inequalities in material access. For a long time, a common opinion among policy-makers was that the digital divide problem would be solved when a country’s Internet connection rate reaches pilotenkueche.de by: 07/09/ · Internet attitude should also be considered as part of the first-level digital divide—the psychological part. Apparently, attitudes toward the Internet are still as important as they were two decades ago (see also Helsper and Reisdorf, ; Reisdorf and Groselj, ).Cited by: Definition of First Level Digital Divide: The digital divide concerning the access to ICT. × Now Offering a 20% Discount When a Minimum of Five Titles in Related Subject Areas are Purchased Together Also, receive free worldwide shipping on orders over US$ 07/09/ · The first-level digital divide shifts from inequalities in physical access to inequalities in material access – Alexander JAM van Deursen, Jan AGM Cited by:
This chapter focuses on our main question which is: The digital divide: What are inequities in technology within K education? How is Ohio State and the Digital Flagship Office looking to break this digital divide? Additionally, some of the overall themes connected to the access and utilization of educational technology are identified. A description of both the negative and positive relationship of these themes and the digital divide follows.
First, one of the goals is for this chapter to clarify how access and use of educational technology impacts students of different socioeconomic SES levels. This is directly related to their academic preparation and transition to college. Secondly, it is acknowledged that there is a digital divide when students enter arenas of higher education. The question becomes, what direction are universities taking to enable students to break out of the divide?
Within this section, the concentration is on how iPads have been integrated at other institutions and what data was produced based on the research conducted. This section of the chapter provides information on the digital divide within the K education system of the United States. It includes both levels of the digital divide to provide an overall perspective of how K students are being impacted by technology prior to entering college.
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A digital divide is an economic and social inequality with regard to access to, use of, or impact of information and communication technologies ICT. The divide between differing countries or regions of the world is referred to as the global digital divide ,   examining this technological gap between developing and developed countries on an international scale. The term digital divide describes a gap in terms of access to and usage of information and communication technology.
Different authors focus on different aspects, which leads to a large variety of definitions of the digital divide. The infrastructure by which individuals, households, businesses, and communities connect to the Internet address the physical mediums that people use to connect to the Internet such as desktop computers, laptops, basic mobile phones or smart phones , iPods or other MP3 players, gaming consoles such as Xbox or PlayStation, electronic book readers, and tablets such as iPads.
The digital divide measured in terms of bandwidth is not closing, but fluctuating up and down. Traditionally the nature of the divide has been measured in terms of the existing numbers of subscriptions and digital devices. Given the increasing number of such devices, some have concluded that the digital divide among individuals has increasingly been closing as the result of a natural and almost automatic process.
As shown by the Figure, during the mids, communication capacity was more unequally distributed than during the late s, when only fixed-line phones existed. The most recent increase in digital equality stems from the massive diffusion of the latest digital innovations i.
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Special Offers Books Journals Journals Open Access Journals. Librarians e-Collections Book Title List Journal Title List Video Title List Library Collection Development Service Browse Forthcoming Books Consortia Partnerships Library and Publisher Collaborations Product Distributors Catalogs Library Account Program Open Access Initiative. What is First Level Digital Divide 1. The digital divide concerning the access to ICT.
Learn more in: The Evolution of the Digital Divide across Developing Countries: Theoretical Issues and Empirical Investigation. A distribution of available technology resources that prevents the use of those resources by limiting access to those resources through physical support systems or economic means. Learn more in: Reexamining the Digital Divide: Aesthetic Choice and Tech-Nos. Find more terms and definitions using our Dictionary Search.
First Level Digital Divide appears in:. Handbook of Research on Overcoming Digital Search inside this book for more research materials. Recommend to a Librarian Recommend to a Colleague.
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Summary: The economic divide is a non-issue, but the usability and empowerment divides alienate huge population groups who miss out on the Internet’s potential. By Jakob Nielsen. The „digital divide“ refers to the fact that certain parts of the population have substantially better opportunities to benefit from the new economy than other parts of the population. Most commentators view this in purely economic terms.
However, two other types of divide will have much greater impact in the years to come. In its simplest form, the digital divide is manifested in the fact that some people can’t afford to buy a computer. Although politicians always talk about this point, it’s growing more irrelevant with each passing day — at least in the industrialized world.
We should recognize that for truly poor developing countries, computers will remain out of the average citizen’s reach for 20 years or more. In areas like North America, Europe, Australia, and Asia’s advanced countries, computer cost is no longer an issue. Would that all social problems would go away if we simply waited five years.
Far worse than the economic divide is the fact that technology remains so complicated that many people couldn’t use a computer even if they got one for free.
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To browse Academia. Log In with Facebook Log In with Google Sign Up with Apple. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Need an account? Click here to sign up. Download Free PDF. Second-Level Digital Divide: Differences in People’s Online Skills First Monday, Download PDF Download Full PDF Package This paper.
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Alexander J. However, scholars of the second-level digital divide have concluded that the divides in Internet skills and type of use continue to expand even after physical access is universal. This study—based on an online survey among a representative sample of the Dutch population—indicates that the first-level digital divide remains a problem in one of the richest and most technologically advanced countries in the world.
By extending basic physical access combined with material access, the study finds that a diversity in access to devices and peripherals, device-related opportunities, and the ongoing expenses required to maintain the hardware, software, and subscriptions affect existing inequalities related to Internet skills, uses, and outcomes.
The first-level digital divide shifts from inequalities in physical access to inequalities in material access. Corresponding Author ; van Dijk, Jan A. T1 – The first-level digital divide shifts from inequalities in physical access to inequalities in material access. Communication Science. Overview Fingerprint. Keywords UT-Hybrid-D devices digital divide digital inequality first-level digital divide Internet access Internet outcomes Internet skills material access peripherals Device diversity.
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Cooper has taught biology in an affluent, suburban high school for the past eight years. The district decided to adopt an open online textbook for all their biology classes in the coming year, and Ms. Cooper is excited to use the textbook and believes it will be helpful for many students. The online textbook includes engaging videos and online worksheets and quizzes.
Three weeks into the new semester, she observes a few students in each of her classes who are not completing assignments and not doing well on quizzes. She learns that one of them is relying on a smartphone and mobile data plan to complete homework, knowing that such a device is too small to navigate the online textbook and quizzes with ease.
Cooper becomes concerned with how she can appropriately reach out to determine and address the needs of a number of students and their families. As technology integration in student learning at school and at home increases, there is a need to consider the diversity of students and their families. This includes identifying and addressing how to support student homes lacking adequate internet, with limited devices, or with less experience in digital literacy and skill development.
This means that a foundational understanding of digital equity and a disposition to find flexible solutions to address diverse student needs is critical to helping all students learn. Information Communication Technology ICT.
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However, scholars of the second-level digital divide have concluded that the divides in Internet skills and type of use continue to expand even after physical access is universal. This study—based on an online survey among a representative sample of the Dutch population—indicates that the first-level digital divide remains a problem in one of the richest and most technologically advanced. Digital divide started to be seen as a phenomenon relating to complex issues that involve all aspects of community life, in economic, political, cultural and social arenas. We have moved from the first level of digital divide (mainly based on access to the Internet) to a more sophisticated and multidimensional second level (based on the disparities in computer and Internet use).
The digital divide is the gap that exists between individuals who have access to modern information and communication technology and those who lack access. There are three key stages that influence digital inequality worldwide. Digital inequality is evident between communities living in urban areas and those living in rural settlements; between socioeconomic groups; between less economically developed countries and more economically developed countries; between the educated and uneducated population.
Individuals with access to a broadband connection can be digitally split. Low-performance computers, limited broadband speeds and limited access to subscription-based content widen the gap. There are numerous types of the digital divide that influence our efforts in accessing the internet. Some of the vivid gaps in digital inequality include:. According to a report, the internet gender gap is striking especially in developing countries.
Though mobile connectivity is spreading drastically, it is not spreading equally. Women are still lagging. This translates to million women who lack access to mobile connectivity.